Cholecystocholedocholithiasis: Two-stage Treatment

  • Mario Morino
  • Alberto Arezzo


Choledocholithiasis, literally the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct (CBD), occurs in 15–20% of patients with cholecystolithiasis. The majority of gallstones are believed to form in the gallbladder where they pass into the CBD via the cystic duct. CBD stones (CBDS) can also be found in patients who have an apparently normal gallbladder; such patients represent about 10% of those with choledocholithiasis. In addition, approximately 5% of patients who have undergone a cholecystectomy have retained or recurrent stones [1].


Bile Duct Common Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Common Bile Duct Stone Bile Duct Stone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Morino
    • 1
  • Alberto Arezzo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery Minimally Invasive Surgery CentreUniversity of TurinTurinItaly

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