Synchronous Treatment of Common Bile Duct Stones by Laparotomy
When secondary common bile duct (CBD) stones are detected either by preoperative or intraoperative exploration, the method of treatment has to be chosen carefully in order to achieve CBD clerance and cholecystectomy. Biliary surgery has evolved over the last 40 years, with two major milestones: first the advent of endoscopic sphincterotomy at the beginning of the seventies and then the development of a minimally invasive surgical approach (laparoscopy) 20 years later.
KeywordsCommon Bile Duct Cystic Duct Common Bile Duct Stone Acute Cholangitis Common Bile Duct Exploration
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