Complications of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

  • Gennaro Nuzzo
  • Felice Giuliante
  • Francesco Ardito


The most serious cause of morbidity occurring during cholecystectomy is bile duct injury (BDI) [1, 2]. In fact, major BDIs (involving the common bile duct (CBD), main biliary confluence, or main bile ducts) can have a substantial impact on quality of life and survival of injured patients, who often are young people (mean age 44–55 years) [1, 35]. It has been reported recently that after injury there was a nearly threefold increase in the risk of death in the short term compared with patients without BDI [2].


Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Cystic Duct Hepatic Duct Bile Leak 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gennaro Nuzzo
    • 1
  • Felice Giuliante
    • 1
  • Francesco Ardito
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery Hepatobiliary Surgery UnitCatholic University of the Sacred Heart School of MedicineRomeItaly

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