Surgical Treatment of Cholelithiasis: Exclusion Criteria

  • G. Paolo Spina
  • Giacomo Gaverini


Surgical removal of the gallbladder and gallstone is the recommended treatment option for patients with cholelithiasis [1], but is surgical intervention always the best option? Or, as the title of this chapter suggests, are there patients presenting with gallstones for whom surgery is not the optimal therapy, which would mean there were exclusion criteria, and if so, what are these criteria?


Gastric Bypass Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Sickle Cell Disease Acute Cholecystitis Gallbladder Cancer 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Paolo Spina
    • 1
  • Giacomo Gaverini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHospital FatebenefratelliMilanItaly

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