Since the 1940s, intraoperative information on the individual anatomy of the biliary tree and the localization of biliary stones has been obtained through the use of radiologic contrast-based cholangiography or cholecystocholangiography . At first glance, intraoperative cholangiography seem purely advantageous, but a closer look reveals many controversial issues that have been extensively discussed for several decades. While some surgeons strongly advocate the routine performance of intraoperative cholangiography, others are in favour of a selective use or have stopped using it altogether .
KeywordsBile Duct Common Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Cystic Duct Bile Duct Injury
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