Intraoperative Cholangiography

  • Markus Schäfer


Since the 1940s, intraoperative information on the individual anatomy of the biliary tree and the localization of biliary stones has been obtained through the use of radiologic contrast-based cholangiography or cholecystocholangiography [1]. At first glance, intraoperative cholangiography seem purely advantageous, but a closer look reveals many controversial issues that have been extensively discussed for several decades. While some surgeons strongly advocate the routine performance of intraoperative cholangiography, others are in favour of a selective use or have stopped using it altogether [2].


Bile Duct Common Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Cystic Duct Bile Duct Injury 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Schäfer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Visceral and Transplantation SurgeryUniversity Hospital of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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