Pathology of Cardiac Complications in HIV Infection

  • G. Barbaro


The prevalence of myocardial abnormalities in HIV-infected patients ranges from 25 to 75% [1]. This wide range probably reflects differences in methodology, patients’ risk factors, disease stage, and environmental factors such as drug addiction or therapeutic agents. Myocardial involvement in HIVinfected patients includes dilated cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, ischemic heart disease, and neoplastic invasion from HIV-associated malignancies (e.g., non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Kaposi’s sarcoma). In addition, the right ventricle can be involved as a consequence of AIDS-related pulmonary disease.


Infective Endocarditis Pericardial Effusion Intravenous Drug Abuser Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans Fungal Endocarditis 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Barbaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Pathophysiology“Sapienza” University of RomeRomeItaly

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