HIV-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

  • G. Barbaro


About 14 years ago, Kim and Factor reported the first case of HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension [1]. Since then more than 131 cases have been described in the literature [2]. For this reason, HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension has been included as a definite cause of precapillary pulmonary hypertension according to the executive summary of the World Health Organization (WHO) [3]. The incidence of HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension is 1 in 200, much higher than the 1 in 200,000 found in the general population [3]. No differences have been found in the clinical, histologic, and hemodynamic features between patients with HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension and HIV-uninfected patients affected by primary pulmonary hypertension.


Pulmonary Hypertension Human Leukocyte Antigen Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Primary Pulmonary Hypertension Right Atrial 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Barbaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Pathophysiology“Sapienza” University of RomeRomeItaly

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