Stress and Pregnancy: CRF as Biochemical Marker

  • P. Florio
  • F. M. Reis
  • S. Luisi
  • M. De Bonis
  • I. Zerbetto
  • R. Battista
  • M. Quadrifoglio
  • C. Ferretti
  • A. Dell’Anna
  • M. Palumbo
  • F. Petraglia


The initiation, maintenance and termination of pregnancy are related to placental functions, as the human placenta contributes to maintaining equilibrium between the fetus and the mother and regulating the bodily functions of both organisms in a complementary way. This is made possible through the secretion of several growth factors, neurohormones and cytokines by human placenta [1, 2, 3].


Human Placenta Maternal Plasma Fetal Membrane Human Myometrium Myometrial Contractility 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Florio
    • 1
  • F. M. Reis
    • 1
  • S. Luisi
    • 1
  • M. De Bonis
    • 1
  • I. Zerbetto
    • 1
  • R. Battista
    • 1
  • M. Quadrifoglio
    • 1
  • C. Ferretti
    • 1
  • A. Dell’Anna
    • 1
  • M. Palumbo
    • 2
  • F. Petraglia
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive MedicineUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Microbiological and Gynecological ScienceUniversity of CataniaSiena and CataniaItaly

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