Nonpharmacological Treatment of Neonatal Pain

  • R. Carbajal


The alleviation of pain is a basic and human right regardless of age. It therefore seems unbelievable how long it took the medical community to realize that newborns are able to feel pain. During the last 15 years there has been a significant increase in our knowledge of pain in neonates, and broad areas of research have been addressed in the medical, nursing, psychological, neuroscientific, social, bioethical, and philosophical literature [1]. Despite these impressive gains, many of the previously identified and newer challenges remain, since we have not completely reversed the de-emphasis of infant pain [2], and no effective methods of preventing or treating pain for all infants in all clinical situations have been developed. However, the reason most of these challenges remain is because of the large gap that exists between published research results and routine clinical practice.


Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Preterm Neonate Music Therapy Term Neonate Procedural Pain 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Carbajal
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre National de Ressources de Lutte contre la DouleurHôpital d’Enfants Armand TrousseauParisFrance

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