The rationale for surgical treatment requires the knowledge provided by T-stage of radial and longitudinal neoplastic diffusion, and of N and M stages. As described in Chap. “Preoperative Assessment of Liver Function”, a correct preoperative assessment is often difficult to achieve.


Hepatic Artery Hepatic Resection Future Remnant Liver Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma Bile Duct Cancer 
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