Basics pp 11-17 | Cite as

Strategy to Manage Pediatric Patients: the Family and the Child

  • Giuseppe Rosano
  • Manuela Antoci
  • Marinella Astuto
Part of the Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain in Neonates and Children book series (AICPNC)


An important responsibility of physicians who care for children is the elimination of anxiety and suffering whenever possible, especially during the preoperative period. It is known that preoperative anxiety in children is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes (i.e. increased incidence of emergence delirium, increased pain) and so an adequate preparation programme should be applied routinely. The strategy to manage the pediatric patient should include the parents to avoid increasing the parents’ anxiety and concomitantly the child’s anxiety.


Physical Restraint Anesthesia Induction Parental Anxiety Oral Midazolam Preoperative Anxiety 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Rosano
    • 1
  • Manuela Antoci
    • 2
  • Marinella Astuto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Pediatric Anesthesia and Intensive Care SectionCatania University HospitalCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate School of Anesthesia and Intensive CareCatania University HospitalCataniaItaly

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