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Anterior and Lateral Meningoceles

  • James L. Frazier
  • George I. Jallo

Abstract

Spinal meningoceles are protrusions or expansions of one or more layers of the thecal sac through a canal or foramen of the spinal column in which there is a defect. They are frequently found in a posterior location with the dysraphic vertebrae over the thoracolumbar region. Spinal meningoceles are most commonly observed at birth and constitute approximately 10% of all patients with spina bifida [1, 2]. Although non-dysraphic anterior, lateral, and anterolateral meningoceles in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine are very rare and frequently characterized by the absence of a congenital defect of the vertebrae, they are usually associated with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF-1) or Marfan’s syndrome [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]. However, anterior lumbosacral meningoceles are a rare form of spinal dysraphism because of a bony defect. Their embryologic origin remains unclear, although there are several hypotheses [2]. Thoracic and/or lumbosacral spinal levels are the most common, with cervical localization being very rare [5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11].

Keywords

Marfan Syndrome Anorectal Malformation Tethered Cord Presacral Mass Dural Ectasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Frazier
    • 1
  • George I. Jallo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric NeurosurgeryJohns Hopkins HospitalBaltimoreUSA

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