Endocrine Aspects of Neural Tube Defects

  • Abdullah Bereket


Children with open neural tube defects (NTDs) are prone to several endocrine problems. Short stature and precocious puberty are the most common endocrine sequelae of NTDs; however, abnormalities in thyroid hormone and prolactin (PRL) have also been reported. Thus, multidisciplinary evaluation and management of NTDs should also include a thorough endocrine evaluation.


Spina Bifida Standard Deviation Score Neural Tube Defect Precocious Puberty Growth Hormone Treatment 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdullah Bereket
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Endocrinology Department of PediatricsMarmara University Medical CenterIstanbulTurkey

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