Habilitation of Children and Young Adults with Spina Bifida

  • Giuliana C. Antolovich
  • Alison C. Wray


Spina bifida is a complex congenital condition that has far reaching complications and consequences for the affected child. There are implications for mobility and self-care, independence, sensory function continence, schooling and social functioning, and a range of medical complications that can also result in chronic illness [1, 2, 3].


Young Adult Fecal Incontinence Spina Bifida Detrusor Overactivity Neurogenic Bladder 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuliana C. Antolovich
    • 1
  • Alison C. Wray
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Developmental MedicineRoyal Children’s Hospital MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Children’s Neuroscience CentreRoyal Children’s Hospital MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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