Seizures in Children with Myelomeningocele

  • Uğur Işik


Seizures are reported to occur frequently in children born with myelomeningocele. For patients with hydrocephalus, the reported incidence of seizures ranges from 14.7–29% [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7] whereas a much lower incidence, roughly 2–8%, has been reported for children with myelomeningocele but without shunts [4, 8]. Not every study in the literature specifies seizures versus epilepsy (recurrent unprovoked seizures) in these children. According to Bourgeois et al. [9], patients with myelomeningocele experienced a significantly low incidence of epilepsy (7%) compared to other etiologies. Those with prenatal hydrocephalus demonstrated a prevalence of 38% and, in the same study, those with meningitis and postinfective hydrocephalus carried a high risk of epilepsy, in the order of 50%. In a different study, the incidence of seizures was 21%, whereas the incidence of epilepsy was 17.3% in children with myelomeningocele [10].


Shunt Malfunction Shunt Insertion Congenital Hydrocephalus Central Nervous System Anomaly Hydrocephalic Child 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uğur Işik
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Pediatric Epileptology and Video-EEG Lab Acibadem University School of MedicineHospital for Neurological SciencesIstanbulTurkey

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