Pathophysiology of Hydrocephalus

  • Giuseppe Cinalli
  • Pietro Spennato
  • Maria Consiglio Buonocore
  • Emilio Cianciulli
  • Matthieu Vinchon
  • Spyros Sgouros


The three major clinical manifestations of spina bifida (hydrocephalus, paraplegia and urinary and bowel incontinence) are easily observable and have been described since ancient times, though they were not described in relationship to spina bifida until the seventeenth century [1].


Posterior Fossa Spina Bifida Aqueductal Stenosis Foramen Magnum Shunt Malfunction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Cinalli
    • 1
  • Pietro Spennato
    • 1
  • Maria Consiglio Buonocore
    • 2
  • Emilio Cianciulli
    • 2
  • Matthieu Vinchon
    • 3
  • Spyros Sgouros
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Paediatric NeurosurgerySantobono-Pausilipon Children’s HospitalNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of NeuroradiologySantobono-Pausilipon Children’s HospitalNaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric NeurosurgeryUniversity HospitalLilleFrance
  4. 4.Institute of Child Health and Department of NeurosurgeryBirmingham Children’s HospitalBirminghamUK
  5. 5.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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