Social Aspects and Economics of Fecal Incontinence

  • Carlo Ratto
  • Patrizia Ponzi
  • Francesca Di Stasi
  • Angelo Parello
  • Lorenza Donisi
  • Giovanni B. Doglietto


Health care expenditure in the most economically advanced countries seems to have spiraled out of control over the last few decades. There are three main reasons accounting for this situation: ageing of the population has led to an increase in the numbers requiring health care services, the accelerating pace of technological development has given rise to new techniques that have improved the quality of treatment, and with the introduction of new, increasingly costly, products, patient expectations have changed and patients thus demand better medical treatment. The combination of these three factors has resulted in health care spending becoming increasingly difficult to control.


Urinary Incontinence National Health Service Fecal Incontinence Health Care Expenditure Cost Utility Analysis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Ratto
  • Patrizia Ponzi
  • Francesca Di Stasi
  • Angelo Parello
  • Lorenza Donisi
  • Giovanni B. Doglietto

There are no affiliations available

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