Social Aspects and Economics of Fecal Incontinence
Health care expenditure in the most economically advanced countries seems to have spiraled out of control over the last few decades. There are three main reasons accounting for this situation: ageing of the population has led to an increase in the numbers requiring health care services, the accelerating pace of technological development has given rise to new techniques that have improved the quality of treatment, and with the introduction of new, increasingly costly, products, patient expectations have changed and patients thus demand better medical treatment. The combination of these three factors has resulted in health care spending becoming increasingly difficult to control.
KeywordsUrinary Incontinence National Health Service Fecal Incontinence Health Care Expenditure Cost Utility Analysis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Samuelson PA (1947) Foundations Of Economic Analysis, Harvard University. Press CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- 2.Drummond MF, O’Brien B, Stoddart GL, Torrance GW (1997) Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programmes. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
- 3.Attanasio E, Bruzzi P, Capri S et al (1999) Raccomandazioni per la conduzione degli studi di farmacoeconomia: la guida GISF. Mecosan 20:65–72Google Scholar
- 6.Ratto C, Di Bidino R, Ponzi P et al (2005) Preliminary results from a prospective study protocol on the assessment of costs for faecal incontinence. In: Proceedings of the 2nd annual meeting of Health Technology Assessment International, Rome, Italy 20–22 June 2005. Italian Health Ministry. Ricoveri, diagnosi, interventi effettuati e durata delle degenze di tutti gli ospedali. http://www.ministerosalute.it/programmazione/sdo/ric_informazioni/default.jsp. Cited 16 Mar 2007
- 8.Cerzani M, Cornago D, Garattini L (2006) I dispositivi per assorbenza: modalità di acquisto e distribuzione in Italia. Economia & Politica del Farmaco 7:20–26Google Scholar
- 10.Sells H, McDonagh R (1999) Psychological aspects of incontinence. In: Lucas M, Emery S, Beynon J (eds) Incontinence. Blackwell Science Oxford, pp 1–11Google Scholar
- 12.Papanicolaou S, Pons ME, Hampet C et al (2005) Medical resource utilisation and cost of care for women seeking treatment for urinary incontinence in an outpatient setting. Example from three countries participating in the PURE study. Maturitas 52(Suppl 2): S35–S47Google Scholar