• Marie-France Kong
  • Michael Horowitz


It is now recognised, albeit relatively recently, that chronic gastrointestinal symptoms represent a clinically important problem in a substantial number of people who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes [1, 2]. Whereas the amount of information relating to anorectal function in diabetes is limited, it is clear that faecal incontinence occurs relatively frequently [1, 3, 4] and is often overlooked as a cause of morbidity.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome Faecal Incontinence Anal Sphincter Autonomic Neuropathy External Anal Sphincter 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-France Kong
  • Michael Horowitz

There are no affiliations available

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