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Sphincter Atrophy

  • Richelle J. F. Felt-Bersma

Abstract

The term “sphincter atrophy” refers mostly to external anal sphincter (EAS) atrophy, as the EAS is the most important factor for maintaining fecal continence. EAS atrophy, often due to pudendal neuropathy caused by stretch injury during childbirth [1] or chronic constipation [2, 3], is an important cause of fecal incontinence. When a woman is fecally incontinent and there is a history of a difficult childbirth with prolonged labor or chronic constipation as well as a sphincter rupture, there is always a chance that, besides the rupture, some atrophy is present in the EAS.

Keywords

Anal Sphincter Internal Anal Sphincter Chronic Constipation Mixed Connective Tissue Disease Endoanal Ultrasonography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richelle J. F. Felt-Bersma

There are no affiliations available

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