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Anatomy and Physiology of Continence

  • Adil E. Bharucha
  • Roberta E. Blandon
  • Peter J. Lunniss
  • S. Mark Scott

Abstract

Webster’s dictionary defines continence as “the ability to retain a bodily discharge voluntarily”. The word has its origins from the Latin continere or teuere, which means “to hold”. The anorectum is the caudal end of the gastrointestinal tract, and is responsible for fecal continence and defecation. In humans, defecation is a viscero somatic reflex that is often preceded by several attempts to preserve continence. Any attempt at managing anorectal disorders requires a clear understanding of the anatomy and the integrated physiologic mechanisms responsible for maintaining continence.

Keywords

Pelvic Floor Fecal Incontinence Anal Sphincter Anal Canal External Anal Sphincter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adil E. Bharucha
  • Roberta E. Blandon
  • Peter J. Lunniss
  • S. Mark Scott

There are no affiliations available

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