Predicting Heart Failure Events in CRT Patients: Future Challenges

  • Roberto Mantovan
  • Danilo Contardi
  • Vittorio Calzolari
  • Martino Crosato
  • Zoran Olivari
Conference paper


Advanced heart failure (HF) and related acute decompensations have become the single most costly medical syndrome in cardiology. HF leads to frequent re-hospitalizations: in the US alone, yearly HF hospitalizations number more than 1 million [1]. A recent analysis carried out in all European countries led to the conclusion that 75% of all HF-related costs have to be attributed to HF hospitalizations [2].


Heart Rate Variability Heart Failure Patient NYHA Class Intrathoracic Impedance Depressed Heart Rate Variability 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Mantovan
    • 1
  • Danilo Contardi
    • 2
  • Vittorio Calzolari
    • 1
  • Martino Crosato
    • 1
  • Zoran Olivari
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiovascular DepartmentS. Maria dei Battuti HospitalTrevisoItaly
  2. 2.Clinical DepartmentSORIN GroupMilanItaly

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