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Heart-Failure Management: Focus on Heart-Failure Practice Guidelines

  • Eugene Crystal
  • Rajneesh Calton
Conference paper

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high burden of mortality and morbidity, reduced quality of life, and increasing healthcare costs [1, 2]. HF is largel y a disease of old age, and it is becoming increasingly prevalent with the gradual aging of the global population [3]. HF is a complex syndrome in which abnormal heart function results in, or increases the subsequent risk of clinical symptoms and signs of low cardiac output and/or pulmonary and systemic congestion [4].

Keywords

Chronic Heart Failure Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Optimal Medical Therapy Isosorbide Dinitrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugene Crystal
    • 1
  • Rajneesh Calton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology, Schulich Heart Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences CentreUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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