Acute Chest Infections in Children

  • C. Owens


Radiation dose is a contentious issue in pediatrics, as it is well-established that the lifetime cancer mortality risks attributable to CT examinations are considerably higher than for adults. As proposed by the ALARA principle ‘as low as reasonably achievable’, the selection of appropriate scanning parameters focuses on the optimization of image quality whilst delivering the lowest possible radiation dose and shifting the risk-benefit balance towards benefit.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Respiratory Syncytial Virus Pulmonary Complication Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis Immunodeficiency Disorder 
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Suggested Reading

  1. Lucaya J, Strife JL (eds) (2002) Paediatric Chest Imaging. Chest Imaging in Infants and Children. Springer-Verlag, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  2. Owens CM, Veys PA (2002) Respiratory Infections following Haemopoetic Stem Cell Transplantation. In: Childhood Respiratory Infections: British Medical Bulletin Vol 61. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Webb WR, Muller NL, Naidich DP (2001) Disease characterised primarily by parenchymal opacification. In: High Resolution CT of the Lung, 3rd edn. Lippincott-Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 355–420Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Owens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for ChildrenNHS TrustLondonUK

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