Clinical 3D and 4D Imaging of the Thoracic Aorta

  • D. Fleischmann
  • D. C. Miller


Modern day CT angiography (CTA) has replaced diagnostic angiography for the evaluation of thoracic aortic diseases. The development of CTA with retrospective ECG gating has been driven by coronary artery CTA, but it also provides significant benefits to imaging of the thoracic aorta. Retrospective ECG gating virtually eliminates cardiac pulsation artifacts and has therefore extended the clinical applicability of CTA to finally also include the aortic root. Moreover, ECG gating allows cardiac phase-resolved (‘timeresolved’) cine imaging and visualization, adding a ‘fourth dimension’ (4D) to this technique.


Compute Tomography Angiography Aortic Dissection Thoracic Aorta Aortic Root Coronary Compute Tomography Angiography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Fleischmann
    • 1
  • D. C. Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyStanford University Medical CenterStanford
  2. 2.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA

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