The Clinical Examination of the Elbow

  • Andreas Hinsche
  • David Stanley


In order to perform a satisfactory examination of the elbow it is essential for the clinician to have a sound knowledge of the anatomy of the elbow joint. This should include an understanding of the bony anatomy of the distal humerus and proximal radius and ulna. In addition, the attachment of the capsule and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments should be known, together with the arrangement of the muscles and tendons that encircle the joint. Finally, the relationship of the neurovascular structures to the joint must be appreciated. By applying this anatomical knowledge it is usually possible for the clinician who takes a careful history and performs a meticulous examination to reach a firm provisional diagnosis prior to understanding confirmatory diagnostic tests [1].


Ulnar Nerve Radial Head Provocation Test Medial Epicondyle Osteochondritis Dissecans 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Hinsche
    • 1
  • David Stanley
    • 2
  1. 1.Queen Elizabeth HospitalGatesheadUK
  2. 2.Shoulder and Elbow UnitNorthern General HospitalSheffieldUK

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