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How to ventilate brain-injured patients in respiratory failure

  • P. Pelosi
  • P. Severgnini
  • M. Chiaranda
Conference paper

Abstract

It is common knowledge that in brain-injured patients the principal morbidity and mortality are most frequently caused by the primary disease, i.e. cerebral nervous system injury and its neurological consequences [1]. Nevertheless, extracerebral organ dysfunctions are frequent in brain-injured patients, in creasing morbidity and mortality [2, 3]. Among them, the most frequent complication is respiratory dysfunction including pulmonary oedema and pneumonia. It is now clear that there is an entire spectrum of pulmonary abnormalities caused either directly or indirectly by acute brain injury. Although respiratory problems seem to play a relevant role in the clinical management of brain-injured patients, very few studies have investigated respiratory function abnormalities in this category of patients [4].

Keywords

Acute Lung Injury Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Respir Crit Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Severe Head Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Pelosi
    • 1
  • P. Severgnini
    • 1
  • M. Chiaranda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department for the Environment, Health and SafetyUniversity of Insubria — Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit B, District Hospital and Macchi FoundationVareseItaly

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