Electrolyte emergencies, anion gap, osmolality

  • F. Schiraldi
  • G. Guiotto
  • L. Morelli
Conference paper


In the critically ill we often observe some dysregulation of the fluid-electrolyte balance; far from being an innocent bystander, the intensive medicine specialist could sometime be responsible for this, by way of overzealous correction, drug interference, or a “cosmetic” approach to the problem. In this short review, we will try to recall some basic principles that could help to improve therapeutic strategies.


Metabolic Acidosis Total Body Water Urine Osmolality Severe Hyponatremia Serum Magnesium Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Schiraldi
    • 1
  • G. Guiotto
    • 1
  • L. Morelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Emergency Medicine DivisionS. Paolo HospitalNaplesItaly

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