Classification of Infantile Hemangiomas and Other Congenital Vascular Tumors

  • Hans Peter Berlien


Congenital vascular tumors have a wide variety of origins. The most common congenital vascular tumor is the GLUT-1 positive infantile hemangioma. This has to be differentiated from the congenital hemangioendothelioma. While the majority of infantile hemangiomas have a high rate of spontaneous regression, severe complications are possible and it is important to identify the dangerous forms as early as possible and start early treatment to prevent secondary complications.


Vascular Malformation Infantile Hemangioma Plexiform Neurofibroma Regression Phase Prodromal Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Berlien H-P, Cremer H, Djawari D et al (1993/94) Leitlinien zur Behandlung angeborener Gefäßerkrankungen. Pädiatr Praxis 46:87–9Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Enjolras O, Wassef M, Chapot R (2007) Color atlas of vascular tumors and vascular malformation. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Urban P, Algermissen B, Berlien HP (1999) Stadieneinteilung kindlicher Hämangiome nach FKDS-Kriterien. Ultrasschall in Med 20:36Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tsang WYW, Chan JKC, Fletcher CDM (1991) Kaposi-like infantile haemangioendothelioma: a distinctive vascular neoplasm of the retroperitoneum. Am J Surg Pathol 15:982–929CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stevens M (2005) Solide Tumore bei Kindern, Annales Nestle 63:127–139Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Herman TE, McAllister PW, Dehner LP, Skinner M (1997) Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and splenic hemangioma: report of a case. Pediatr Radiol 27:350–352CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Poetke M, Jamil B, Müller U, Berlien H-P (2002) Diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis associated with Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome: A case report. Eur J Pediatr Surg, in pressGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Waner M, North PE, Scherer KA et al (2003) The nonrandom distribution of facial hemangiomas. Arch Dermatology 139:869–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Burns AJ, Kaplan LC, Mulliken JB (1991) Is there an association between hemangioma and syndromes with dysmorphic features? Pediatrics 88:1257–1267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Poetke M, Frommeld T, Berlien H-P (2002) PHACE Syndrome. New views on diagnostic criterias. Eur J Pediatr Surg 10:125–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zuckerberg LR, Nickoloff BJ, Weiss SW (1993) Kaposifom hemangioendothelioma of infancy and childhood: an aggressive neoplasm associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome and lymphangiomatosis. Am J Surg Pathol 17:321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Peter Berlien
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LasermedicineElisabeth KlinikBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations