The interrelationships between clinical diseases and malnutrition have long been recognised. Malnutrition due to starvation, disease or injury is a very common phenomenon, even in current times. Our predecessors in medicine were more familiar with clinical malnutrition than we are, since observation and physical examination played a much greater role in diagnosis in the past. Century-old textbooks provide detailed descriptions of physical changes that occur with malnutrition. Classic studies document the complex adaptations that occur in response to starvation as well as the metabolic alterations associated with stress and trauma.
KeywordsChronic Heart Failure Chronic Kidney Disease Patient Cancer Cachexia Keshan Disease Body Cell Mass
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