Cachexia in Cardiovascular Illness

  • Sabine Strassburg
  • Stefan D. Anker


Cachexia (body wasting) in patients with cardio-vascular illness usually develops when patients have chronic heart failure (CHF). As an increasing public health problem and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, CHF is associated with a poor prognosis [1]. The onset of cachexia in CHF patients (cardiac cachexia) is a serious complication of their disease and even worsens the prognosis of the underlying disease [2]. This connection between advanced heart failure and significant weight loss has long been recognised. The earliest report dates back to the school of medicine of Hippocrates some 2300 years ago. The term ‘cachexia’ is of Greek origin and derives from the words kakos (bad) and hexis (condition). The term ‘cardiac cachexia’ was first used in 1860 by Mauriac [3].


Chronic Heart Failure Chronic Heart Failure Patient Idiopathic Dilate Cardiomyopathy Oral Nutritional Supplement Card Fail 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Strassburg
    • 1
  • Stefan D. Anker
    • 2
  1. 1.Applied Cachexia Research, Department of CardiologyCharité, Campus Virchow-KlinikumBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Cardiology, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom and Department of Cardiology, Division of Applied Cachexia ResearchCharité Medical SchoolBerlinGermany

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