Psychological Risk Factors for Cardiac Disease and Pathophysiological Mechanisms: An Overview

  • A. Compare
  • L. Gondoni
  • E. Molinari


Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a classical psychosomatic disease within the framework of reference of the so-called biopsychosocial model.1 More than any other disease, it reflects the realities of living in modern society, such as stress, lack of time, competitiveness and excessive ambition, which are all part of the dynamic of success in contemporary cultures.


Heart Rate Variability Brain Natriuretic Peptide Coronary Heart Disease Patient Myocardial Stunning Psychosocial Risk Factor 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Compare
  • L. Gondoni
    • 1
  • E. Molinari
  1. 1.Unit of Cardiac Rehabilitation Ospedale San GiuseppeIRCCS Italian Auxologic InstituteVerbaniaItaly

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