Relaxation Techniques and Hypnosis in the Treatment of CHD Patients

  • L. Bellardita
  • M. Cigada
  • E. Molinari


It is now generally acknowledged that the functioning of the cardiovascular system is determined in large part by attitudes, emotions, anxiety and distress [1]. Resulting clinical implications include the use of behavioral and psychological interventions during cardiac rehabilitation in order to achieve relaxation [2], which can be defined as a state of physiological distension aimed at re-balancing changes deriving from distressful conditions. Relaxation techniques and hypnosis have become particularly relevant in treatment programs aimed at stress management and homeostatic rebalancing, since a continuous state of arousal can, in the long run, result in damage or dysfunction cardiovascular system. Many authors, however, argue that techniques aimed at achieving a relaxation condition can be considered elective in the treatment of cardiovascular disease [3]–[6].


Heart Rate Variability Cardiac Rehabilitation Relaxation Technique Relaxation Response Relaxation Training 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bellardita
    • 1
  • M. Cigada
    • 2
  • E. Molinari
    • 3
  1. 1.University of BergamoCatholic University of MilanItaly
  2. 2.European School of Hypnotic PsychotherapyMilanItaly
  3. 3.Faculty of Clinical PsychologyCatholic UniversityMilanItaly

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