Physical Exercise for the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity

  • Edoardo Mannucci


Physical exercise is known to be an effective therapy for overweight and obesity [1]; in fact, exercise, when combined with dietary advice, enhances weight loss [2] and prevents weight regain [3,4]. An increase of physical activity, which induces an increase of exercise-induced and resting energy expenditure, can effectively counterbalance the reduction of energy consumption determined by decreased food intake [1], while preventing the reduction of lean mass associated with weight loss [5]. Furthermore, the increase of activity level determines an improvement of insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, lipid profile, and blood pressure, as well as a reduction of several inflammatory markers, leading to a substantial decrease of longterm cardiovascular risk [1,6]. In patients already affected by obesity-associated conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemia, physical activity is associated with an improvement of blood glucose, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride [6]. For all these reasons, regular physical exercise is included in all recommendations for treatment of obesity issued by scientific societies and institutions [1].


Physical Activity Physical Exercise Diabetes Prevention Program Behavioral Program Supervise Program 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edoardo Mannucci
    • 1
  1. 1.Diabetes Section Unit of Geriatric Cardiology Department of Cardiovascular DiseasesCareggi University HospitalFlorenceItaly

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