Allogeneic Vascularised Knee Transplantation

  • Gunther Hofmann


Major injuries of the thigh and knee joint, especially after high-energy trauma, often result in extended osseous and soft tissue defects. Despite optimal surgical management, there are no alternatives for resecting large parts of bone and sometimes the entire joint. Primary above-knee amputation and orthesis should be considered only as the last line of defence. The synthesis of transplant surgery and traumatology created new approaches in these situations. Vascularised allogeneic transplantation of bone and joints may help restore long-lasting integrity, stability and mobility of the mangled lower leg. This topic has been a matter of discussion for decades. Until 1996, no clinical attempts were made to perform such transplantations.


Knee Joint Intramedullary Nail Bone Allograft Soft Tissue Coverage Human Knee Joint 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunther Hofmann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Traumatology and Reconstructive SurgeryFriedrich Schiller UniversityJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Traumatology and Reconstructive SurgeryBG Kliniken BergmannstrostHalleGermany

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