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Role of the Sympathetic Nervous System on Arterial Distensibility

  • Cristina Giannattasio

Abstract

The sympathetic nervous system has a powerful excitatory influence on the cardiovascular system. Central or reflex activation of cardiac sympathetic nerves increases heart rate, shortens transmission of the electrical impulse from the atria to the ventricles and increases ventricular contractility, thereby improving cardiac function and helping cardiac output to be maintained or increased when this is necessary to provide adequate perfusion to organs and tissues. Central or reflex activation of peripheral sympathetic nerves cause vasoconstriction that can selectively or diffusely increase peripheral vascular resistance, maintaining or increasing blood pressure values to allow organs to be adequately perfused in a variety of behavioural circumstances in which perfusion needs substantial variations [1].

Keywords

Sympathetic Nervous System Arterial Stiffness Radial Artery Sympathetic Nerve Activity Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Giannattasio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineMilano-Bicocca University and San Gerardo HospitalMonza, Milantaly

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