Transplantation — that is, the transfer of tissue from one location to another — as a surgical procedure dates as far back into human history as cave paintings. As long ago as 8000 BC, domestic animals were castrated, initiating the physical juxtaposition of donor and recipient necessary for transplantation. The oldest surgery recorded in humans from the prehistoric archaeological records from the Bronze Age showed skulls from this time being subject to trephination: To relieve intracranial pressure, a circular disc of bone was removed from the calvaria and later replaced as an orthoptic autograft.
KeywordsPatron Saint Hand Transplant Miraculous Cure Cave Painting Living Related Kidney Transplant
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Bergan A (1997) Ancient Myth, Modern Reality: A brief history of transplantation. JBC 24:4:2–9Google Scholar
- 3.da Varagine J (1952) Leggenda Aurea. Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Firenze pp 648–652Google Scholar
- 4.Martin CH (1970) John Hunter and tissue transplan tation. Surgery, gynecology and obstetics 81:306–310Google Scholar
- 5.Carrel A (1902) La technique opératoire des anastomoses vasculaires et la transplantation des viscères. Lyon Med 98:859Google Scholar
- 6.Carrel A, Guthrie CC (1906) Anastomoses of blood vessels by the patching method and transplantation of the kidney. JAMA 47:1648Google Scholar
- 7.Baar HS (1963) From Ehrlich-Pirquet to Medawar and Burnet; A revolution in immunology. Journal of the Main Medical Association 54:209–14.Google Scholar
- 8.Baar HS (1963) From Ehrlich-Pirquet to Medawar and Burnet; A revolution in immunology. Journal of the Main Medical Association 54:209–214Google Scholar
- 11.da Varagine J (1952) Leggenda Aurea. Libreria Editrice Fiorentina, Firenze, pp 648–652Google Scholar
- 12.Artelt W (no date) Kosmas und Damian — Die Schutzpatrone der Ärtze und Apotheker. Frankfurt, Darm stadt von G StrittGoogle Scholar
- 13.Bibliotheca Sanctorum (1964) Vol. IV, 1st Giovanni XXIII della Pontificia Università Lateranense. Vatican Press, Roma, pp 224–238Google Scholar
- 14.Wittmann A (1967) Kosmas und Damian Kultausbreitung und Volksdevotion. Schmidt, Berlin, pp 12–21Google Scholar
- 15.Chioccioni PP (1973) Illustrated Guide to the Basilica of Saints Cosmas and Damian. Tipolito Aurelia, RomeGoogle Scholar