Critical Evaluation of Biodiesel Production Initiatives in India

  • Chigullapalli SreenivasEmail author
  • Anand B. Rao
  • Anand Patwardhan


Biofuels are receiving increased attention due to their potential to enhance the energy security of the energy-deficit countries with simultaneous climate change mitigation by reducing GHG emissions. In addition to these, they also offer a pathway for low-carbon inclusive growth for India. Fluctuating imported crude oil prices create a dilemma about the production of biodiesel in India. The objective of the present study is to understand the need for biodiesel production in India while focusing on both forward linkages (such as current status of commercial biodiesel production in India, market linkages and economics of biodiesel production) and backward linkages (such as feedstock availability and their technological implications, policy implications on the economy, supply chain analysis). A critical understanding of the externalities associated with biodiesel production through many government initiatives is also carried out. To be able to make biodiesel production in India a commercial success, we may need to have strong technological base supported by policy support mechanisms. If produced sustainably, biodiesel may offer a comprehensive solution for problems such as energy security, import dependence for energy, rural employment generation and climate change mitigation.


Biodiesel Transesterification Forward and backward linkages Climate change GHG emissions 


  1. Aradhey A, India – Biofuels Annual (2016) USDA – Foreign Agricultural Service, Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN), GAIN Report Number: IN6088.–24-2016.pdf.
  2. Bandyopadhyay KR (2015) Biofuel promotion in India for transport: exploring the grey areas, Policy Brief, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), February 2015.
  3. Crude oil and commodity prices (2016)
  4. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture (2013)Google Scholar
  5. Ministry of Environment and Forests (2008) Annual reportGoogle Scholar
  6. National Biodiesel Mission, Govt. of India (2013)Google Scholar
  7. National Policy on Biofuels, MNRE, GoI (2016) biofuel_policy.pdf
  8. Report of the committee on development of Biofuel, Planning Commission, Government of India (2003) p 61.
  9. Report on Aquatic species program, Department of Energy, USA (1998)Google Scholar
  10. Statistics, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG), Govt. of India (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chigullapalli Sreenivas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anand B. Rao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anand Patwardhan
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Inter Disciplinary Programme in Climate StudiesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural AreasIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Shailesh J Mehta School of ManagementIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  4. 4.School of Public PolicyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations