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Predicting Biomass Production from Plant Robustness and Germination Efficiency by Calorespirometry

  • Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
  • Gunasekaran Mohanapriya
  • Ramalingam Sathishkumar
  • Elisete Santos Macedo
  • José Hélio Costa
Chapter

Abstract

Respiration traits allow calculating temperature-dependent carbon use efficiency and can serve as biomarkers for the prediction of growth and biomass formation. While photosynthesis is responsible for capturing CO2, respiration critically manages the destiny of structurally integrated CO2 by regulating the use of energy and substances. The efficient interplay of cytochrome and alternative respiration pathways determines plant performance upon permanently changing and interacting abiotic and biotic environment. Thus, respiration traits are central for high biomass production and yield stability based on multi-stress tolerance. Hence, calorespirometry is a useful functional tool for pre-breeding that can discriminate plants based on genetic differences in respiration traits. Although it was earlier suggested that the methodology could be valuable in breeding programs to improve temperature-dependent growth performance, this concept had never been applied in global breeding on biomass production. This predictive tool can be applied as an efficient mean (1) to identify differences in germination efficiency among genotypes or through management practice in seed technology, (2) to select plants in conventional breeding, and (3) to identify relevant genomics-based functional markers for temperature-dependent multi-stress tolerance and yield stability. From respiration-related genes, alternative oxidase is a promising candidate for functional marker development. It relates to both germination efficiency and plant robustness linked to biomass yield stability.

Keywords

Calorespirometry Alternative respiration Germination efficiency Genomics Functional marker development 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Indian-Portugal Bilateral Cooperation Programme (2013–2015), funded by “Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia” (FCT), Portugal, and the Department of Science and Technology of the Indian Government for support to the academic cooperation and researchers mobility.

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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gunasekaran Mohanapriya
    • 4
  • Ramalingam Sathishkumar
    • 4
  • Elisete Santos Macedo
    • 1
    • 2
  • José Hélio Costa
    • 3
  1. 1.Functional Cell Reprogramming and Organism Plasticity (FunCrop), EU Marie Curie Chair, ICAAMUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Science and Technology Park Alentejo (PACT)ÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyFederal University of CearáFortalezaBrazil
  4. 4.Plant Genetic Engineering Laboratory, Department of BiotechnologyBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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