Preparation Techniques and Crystal Growth Processes

  • Mohammed A. GondalEmail author
  • Chang Xiaofeng
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 76)


This chapter presents different preparation methods for bismuth oxyhalides and their relative merits, characteristics, and applicability. The method of preparation of different variants of bismuth oxyhalides includes various hydrolysis methods, preparation by heat treatment, vapor-phase synthesis, hydrothermal preparation, solvothermal preparation, and special halide source-induced preparation.


Hydrolysis method Preparation by heat treatment Vapor-phase synthesis Hydrothermal preparation Solvothermal preparation 


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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed A. Gondal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chang Xiaofeng
    • 2
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

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