Microstructure, Morphology, and Surface Structure of Bismuth Oxyhalides

  • Mohammed A. GondalEmail author
  • Chang Xiaofeng
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 76)


This chapter presents the tetragonal matlockite structure of bismuth oxyhalides and the results of X-ray diffraction, Raman spectra, and FTIR spectra of the material. The surface chemical analysis using XPS results, surface morphology using high-resolution TEM images of bismuth oxyhalides are also presented.


Matlockite structure XRD XPS Raman spectra FTIR HRTEM 


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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed A. Gondal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chang Xiaofeng
    • 2
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

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