Nation and Civil Society as Spheres of ‘Enlightenment’: The Dialogue of Gandhi and Tagore, and an Ambedkarite Inflection

  • Sukumar Muralidharan


Tagore and Gandhi had engaged in a lively debate on a national question that revealed several complexities in their perceptions of the future polity. A fresh perspective was added to the debate in this period by B.R. Ambedkar, the symbol of social rebellion against oppressive tradition. This paper argues that in the dialogue between Tagore and Gandhi and in the confrontation between the latter and Ambedkar, there are conflicting propositions on how the balance between state and civil society is to be enshrined in the Indian political order.


Social harmony Citizenship Civic state Varnashram Social inequality 


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Copyright information

© Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Advanced StudyShimlaIndia

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