Advertisement

The Input Oriented Technical Efficiency and Its Determinants in Primary and Upper Primary Level of Education in India

  • Arpita Ghose
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)

Abstract

This chapters estimates input-oriented technical-efficiency (INPTE) of primary, upper-primary education for General-Category-States (GCS), Special-Category-States (SCS) and Union-territories (UT) of India using non-parametric Data-Envelopment Analysis (DEA) creating two frontiers for GCS, SCS&UT over 2005–06 to 2010–11, explains its determinants employing second-stage panel regression and determines the extent of underutilization of inputs. Net-enrolment-ratio, percentage of students getting 60 % marks and above are outputs; number of schools per-lakh population (SPLP), teacher-pupil ratio (PTR), classroom-student ratio (CR), percentages of teachers with qualification graduate and above (TQ) are inputs; quality of both output and input is thus important. Most of the States/UT is technically inefficient; input can be contracted keeping output unchanged. INPTE of not all the States/UT has improved. Input-underutilization is highest for SPLP for three categories/levels and for TQ for one; is lowest for PTR for one category/level and TQ for three. The determinants vary across category/level, highlighting role of policy, infrastructure, social-indicator, state-specific variables and regional variability. The availability and utilization of central grant (AGM), ratio of girls to boys getting free text book, proportion of para-teachers with qualification graduate and above among the total number of teachers, state’s per-capita net-domestic-product-from-service-sector, density-of-population, percentage of school having drinking-water, students getting free text book, proportion of SC teacher to total teacher have a positive effect, while inequality in the distribution of income, proportion of school without building have negative effect on INPTE. AGM has indirect effect through other variables. For SCS&UT-primary there is an optimum-AGM beyond which negative-effect of AGM on INPTE operates.

Keywords

Data Envelopment Analysis Technical Efficiency Primary Group Primary Level Radial Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference

  1. Ray SC (2004) Data envelopment analysis: theory and techniques for economics and operations research. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations