Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


The recent discovery of a 750 million years old sponge-like organism, Otavia antiqua [Figs. 2.2(1–5)], a calcareous sponge with Ca-based skeleton, from the Cryogenian–Ediacaran successions of Namibia (South Africa) makes sponges the oldest living animal (Brain et al. 2012; Maloof et al. 2010) [Figs. 2.2(6, 7)].


Skeletal Element Siliceous Sponge Calcareous Sponge Axial Canal Sponge Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New DelhiIndia

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