New Empirical Evidences on Decision Making and Cognition

  • Sisir RoyEmail author


Recently, series of experiments have been performed with human subjects where the law of addition of probabilities in classical probability theory has been shown to be invalid within the context of decision making in the cognitive domain. These results are classified into six different categories. The concept of quantum probability has been introduced to explain the data, but so far, no quantum mechanical framework has been proposed at the anatomical level of the brain. Quantum probability is used in the more abstract sense without considering the concept of elementary particles or the Planck constant, etc. In a sense, this concept of quantum probability can be used in any branch of knowledge. However, it is necessary to understand how it can be contextualized in the case of the neuronal architecture of the brain. It is worth mentioning that the non-commutative structure in the quantum paradigm has been shown to be valid in the visual architecture of human brain. The uncertainty relation similar to Heisenberg uncertainty relation has been found to operate in the visual cortex. This sheds new light on understanding the data found in the case of ambiguous figures within the above six categories.


Uncertainty relation Disjunction effect Non-commutativity Ambiguous figures Contextualization Quantum probability 


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© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Advanced Studies, IISc CampusBengaluruIndia

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