Does Administrative Status Matter for Small Towns in India?
Urban transformation in India is less about moving people, that is to say rural-urban migration, than about morphing places, or the change in the economic structure of existing settlements, many of which continue to be governed as rural areas. From 2001 to 2011, of the 90 million people newly classified as part of the urban population, approximately 40 million were added through natural growth, 20 million by migration and the remaining 30 million were a result of this phenomenon of morphing places, in particular the creation of new Census towns. This chapter asks whether administrative status matters in these small towns, in terms of access to basic services such as water and sanitation. It also looks at the rural neighbourhoods of these small towns and asks the same question. The first part of the inquiry indicated that, subject to the state level caveats, there might not be a major distinction between non-proximate Census towns, and towns with urban administrative status in India. Thus, there is little to distinguish villages that are proximate to Census towns from those proximate to statutory towns.
KeywordsSmall Town Density Plot Septic Tank Large Town Administrative Status
- De Bercegol, R. (2016). Small towns and decentralisation in India: Urban local bodies in the making. New Delhi: Springer.Google Scholar
- Denis, E., Mukhopadhyay, P., & Zérah, M.-H. (2012). Subaltern urbanisation in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(30), 52–62.Google Scholar
- Government of Tamil Nadu (2006). Government of Tamil Nadu Government Order No 55, dated 14 July 2006. Accessed at http://www.tn.gov.in/gorders/maws/maws_e_55_2006.htm
- Joshi, B., Pradhan K. C., & Sidhwani, P. (2016). What makes a settlement officially urban in India? Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi.Google Scholar
- Khan, S. (2017). The other Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission: What does it mean for small town India? In E. Denis & M.-H. Zérah (Eds.), Subaltern urbanisation in India (pp. 337–370). New Delhi: Springer.Google Scholar
- Pradhan, K. C. (2013). Unacknowledged urbanisation: New census towns of India. Economic and Political Weekly, 48(36), 43–51.Google Scholar
- Pradhan, K. C. (2017). Unacknowledged urbanisation: The new census towns in India. In E. Denis & M.-H. Zérah (Eds.), Subaltern urbanisation in India (pp. 39–66). New Delhi: Springer.Google Scholar
- Raghunandan, T. R. (2012). Introduction. In T. R. Raghunandan (Ed.), Decentralisation and local governments: The Indian experience (pp. 1–23). Delhi: Orient BlackSwan.Google Scholar
- Samanta, G. (2014). The politics of classification and the complexity of governance in census towns. Economic and Political Weekly, 49(22), 55–64.Google Scholar