Myopic Macular Pathologies
Pathological myopia, characterized by elongation of the axial length, is a common cause of social blindness worldwide, especially in East Asian countries. The incidence of high myopia is 5.5 % (>−6.0 diopters [D]) in Japan (Sawada et al. 2008) and 3.3 % (<−5.0D) in China (Xu et al. 2007). Pathological myopia causes various kinds of macular diseases including macular holes with or without retinal detachment, myopic foveoschisis, choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and chorioretinal atrophy.
KeywordsOptical Coherence Tomography Retinal Pigment Epithelium Retinal Detachment Macular Hole Choroidal Thickness
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