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Myopic Macular Pathologies

  • Yasushi Ikuno
Chapter

Abstract

Pathological myopia, characterized by elongation of the axial length, is a common cause of social blindness worldwide, especially in East Asian countries. The incidence of high myopia is 5.5 % (>−6.0 diopters [D]) in Japan (Sawada et al. 2008) and 3.3 % (<−5.0D) in China (Xu et al. 2007). Pathological myopia causes various kinds of macular diseases including macular holes with or without retinal detachment, myopic foveoschisis, choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and chorioretinal atrophy.

Keywords

Optical Coherence Tomography Retinal Pigment Epithelium Retinal Detachment Macular Hole Choroidal Thickness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyOsaka University Medical SchoolOsakaJapan

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