Ultrastructure of Human Spermatozoa

  • Priya Kannan


Subfertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 in 15 couples worldwide which accounts to about 80 million couples (Boivin et al. 2007). Of all the cases of subfertility, male infertility alone accounts for at least 40–50 % of the problem. Sperm dysfunction (sperm being present in the ejaculate but lacking ‘normal’ function) is the single most common cause, affecting approximately 1 in 20 men (Barratt et al. 2009). But there is remarkably less literature and research on this highly specialized cell and even lesser research about the treatment modalities, especially since the advent of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).


Acrosome Reaction Sperm Head Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia Sperm Tail Fibrous Sheath 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Clinical EmbryologistsBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Medical GeneticsThe Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Garbba Rakshambigai Fertility CentreChennaiIndia

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