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Biological Activities of Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials

  • Vinod Saharan
  • Ajay Pal
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Chitosan is naturally occurring biopolymer derived from fully or partially deacetylated chitin. From the last 151 years, ever since the discovery of chitosan, considerable progress has been made in understanding and exploitation of its potentiality. Due to the unique biological properties such as antimicrobial activity, biodegradability, biocompatibility, metal complexation and non-toxicity, chitosan has gained attention with potential applications in agriculture, food, pharmaceutical and textile industries (Marquez et al 2013). In fact, a number of commercial applications of chitosan take advantage of antimicrobial and bio-stimulating properties. Chitosan has been reported to induce innate immune response in plants against a broad spectrum of microbial species including fungi, bacteria and viruses. Further, polycationic and chelating properties of chitosan towards various organic and inorganic compounds make it a suitable biopolymer for bio-fabrication and controlled releasing formulations (CRFs) of agrochemicals. These physico-chemical and biological properties have been attracted in the field of agriculture (Kong et al. 2010; Liu et al. 2013).

Keywords

Antimicrobial Activity Jasmonic Acid Chitosan Nanoparticles Callose Deposition Chitosan Oligosaccharide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinod Saharan
    • 1
  • Ajay Pal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyMaharana Pratap University of Agriculture and TechnologyUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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