Properties and Types of Chitosan-Based Nanomaterials

  • Vinod Saharan
  • Ajay Pal
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)


In the recent years, numerous natural as well as synthetic polymers have been examined for agricultural, biotechnological, medical and pharmaceutical applications (Kadajji and Betageri 2011). The basic advantage of these polymers used in plants or animals is that they don’t have any toxic effects on environment. Among such polymers, chitosan is a linear homo-polymer of glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine units linked by β (1–4) glycosidic linkage (Rajan and Raj 2013). As such chitosan is not present in nature and thus it can’t be extracted from naturally occurring resources. Indeed, chitosan is the deacetylated product of natural chitin; the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature. Due to unique characteristics, such as non-toxic, biocompatible, safe and biodegradable, it is globally used as an antibacterial, antifungal and adhesive agent either blended with other polymers or alone (Dutta et al. 2004).


Methyl Parathion Chitosan Nanoparticles Ionic Gelation Chitosan Molecule Chitosan Chain 
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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinod Saharan
    • 1
  • Ajay Pal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyMaharana Pratap University of Agriculture and TechnologyUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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