Advertisement

Introduction

  • Vinod Saharan
  • Ajay Pal
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Recent advancements in the synthesis of various nanomaterials of different sizes, shapes and functions have established nanotechnology as an indispensable technology for agriculture (Khot etal. 2012; Saharan etal. 2014). Materials which show unique properties linked to their size (ranging from 1 to 1000 nm at least in one dimension) are considered nanoparticles and deemed under nanotechnology (Buzea and Robbie 2007). Nanomaterials have some high value properties like high surface-to-volume ratio, more molecules/reactive groups on surface; prefer nano-encapsulation and are independent of gravity. These unique properties of nano materials offer a vital role in agriculture, especially in plant growth and protection. It is predicted that in coming decades the progress in agriculture will be expedited by nanotechnology. Though nanotechnology is less explored in agriculture in general, but substantial research has been done in crop protection (Park etal. 2006; Jo etal. 2009; Nair etal. 2010; Sharon etal. 2010; Ghormade etal. 2010; He etal. 2011; Lamsal etal. 2011; Kim etal. 2012; Perez-de-Luque etal. 2012; Jayaseelan etal. 2013; Wani and Ahmad 2013; Saharan etal. 2013).

Keywords

Crop Protection Recent Advancement Substantial Research Chitosan Nanoparticles Biogenic Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Badawy MEI, Rabea EI (2011) A biopolymer chitosan and its derivatives as promising antimicrobial agents against plant pathogens and their applications in crop protection. Int J Carbohydr Chem 1:1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bittelli M, Flury M, Campbell GS, Nichols EJ (2001) Reduction of transpiration through foliar application of chitosan. Agric For Meteorol 107:167–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brunel F, Gueddari NEE, Moerschbacher BM (2013) Complexation of copper(II) with chitosan nanogels: toward control of microbial growth. Carbohydr Polym 92:1348–1356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Buzea CPI, Robbie K (2007) Nanomaterials and nanoparticles: sources and toxicity. Biointerphases 2:17–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Celik O, Akbuga J (2007) Preparation of superoxide dismutase loaded chitosan microspheres: characterization and release studies. Eur J Pharm Biopharm 66(1):42–47CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen J, Zou X, Liu Q, Wang F, Feng W, Wan W (2014) Combination effect of chitosan and methyl jasmonate on controlling Alternaria alternata and enhancing activity of cherry tomato fruit defense mechanisms. Crop Prot 56:31–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dimkpa CO, McLean JE, Latta DE, Manango’n E, Britt DW, Johnson WP, Boyanov MI, Anderson AJ (2012) CuO and ZnO nanoparticles: phytotoxicity, metal speciation and induction of oxidative stress in sand-grown wheat. J Nano Res 14:11–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dzung NA, Khanh VTP, Dung TT (2011) Research on impact of chitosan oligomeron biophysical characteristics, growth, development and drought resistance of coffee. Carbohydr Polym 84:751–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ghormade V, Deshpande MV, Paknikar KM (2010) Perspectives for nanobiotechnology enabled protection and nutrition of plants. Biotechnol Adv 29:792–803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guo Z, Chen R, Xing R, Liu S, Yu H, Wang P, Li C, Li P (2006) Novel derivatives of chitosan and their antifungal activities in vitro. Carbohydr Res 341:351CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hadrami AE, Adam LR, Hadrami IE, Daayf F (2010) Chitosan in plant Protection. Mar Drugs 8:968–987CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Hadwiger LA (2013) Multiple effects of chitosan on plant systems: solid science or hype. Plant Sci 208:42–49CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Jaiswal M, Chauhan D, Sankararamakrishnan N (2012) Copper chitosan nanocomposite: synthesis, characterization, and application in removal of organophosphorous pesticide from agricultural runoff. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19:2055–2062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jayaseelan C, Ramkumar R, Rahuman AA, Perumal P (2013) Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using seed aqueous extract of Abelmo schusesculentus and its antifungal activity. Ind Crop Prod 45:423–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jo YK, Kim BH, Jung G (2009) Antifungal activity of silver ions and nanoparticles on phytopathogenic fungi. Plant Dis 93:1037–1043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Khot L, Sankaran S, Maja J, Ehsani R, Schuster EW (2012) Application of nanomaterial in agricultural production and crop production: a review. J Crop Prod 35:64–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim SW, Jung JH, Lamsal K, Kim YS, Min JS, Lee YS (2012) Antifungal effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against various plant pathogenic fungi. Mycobiology 40(1):53–58CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Kumari M, Mukherjee A, Chandrasekaran N (2009) Genotoxicity of silver nanoparticles in Allium cepa. Sci Total Environ 407:5243–5246CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Lamsal K, Kim SW, Jung JH, Kim YS, Kim KS, Lee YS (2011) Inhibition effects of silver nanoparticles against powdery mildews on Cucumber and Pumpkin. Mycobiology 39(1): 26–32CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Lerouge P (1990) Symbiotic host-specificity of Rhizobium meliloti is determined by a sulfated and acylated glucosamine oligosaccharides signal. Nature 344:781–784CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lin D, Xing B (2008) Root uptake and phytotoxicity of ZnO nanoparticles. Environ Sci Technol 42:5580–5582CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu L, Bai Y, Song C, Zhu D, Song L, Zhang H, Dong X, Leng X (2010) The impact of arginine-modified chitosan–DNA nanoparticles on the function of macrophages. J Nano Res 12: 1637–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ma Z, Yang L, Yan John H, Kennedy F, Meng X (2013a) Chitosan and oligochitosan enhance the resistance of peach fruit to brown rot. Carbohydr Polym 94:272–277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ma C, Chhikara S, Xing B, Musante C, White JC, Dhankher OP (2013b) Physiological and molecular response of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) to nanoparticle cerium and indium oxide exposure. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 1:768–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meng X, Yang L, Kennedy JF, Tian S (2010) Effects of chitosan and oligochitosan on growth of two fungal pathogens and physiological properties in pear fruit. Carbohydr Polym 81:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nair R, Varghese SH, Nair BG, Maekawa T, Yoshida Y, Sakthi Kumar D (2010) Nanoparticulate material delivery to plants. Plant Sci 179:154–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Perez-de-Luque A, Cifuentes Z, Beckstead JA, Sillero JC, Avila C, Rubio J, Ryan RO (2012) Effect of amphotericin B nanodisks on plant fungal diseases. Pest Manag Sci 68(1):67–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Park HJ, Kim SH, Kim HJ, Choi SH (2006) A new composition of nanosized silica-silver for control of various plant diseases. Plant Pathol J 22:295–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Reddy MV, Arul J, Angers P, Couture L (1999) Chitosan treatment of wheat seeds induces resistance to Fusarium graminearun and improves seed quality. J Agric Food Chem 47: 1208–1216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rinaudo M (2006) Chitin and chitosan: properties and applications. Prog Polym Sci 31:603–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Saharan V, Mehrotra A, Khatik R, Rawal P, Sharma SS, Pal A (2013) Synthesis of chitosan based nanoparticles and their in vitro evaluation against phytopathogenic fungi. Int J Biol Macromol 62:677–683CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Saharan V, Khatik R, Choudhary MK, Mehrotra A, Jakhar S, Raliya R, Nallamuthu I and Pal A (2014) Nano-materials for plant protection with special reference to nano chitosan, In: Proceedings of the 4th annual international conference on advances in biotechnology, GSTF, Dubai, pp 23–25Google Scholar
  33. Sharathchandra RG, Raj SN, Shetty NP, Amruthesh KN, Shetty HS (2004) A Chitosan formulation Elexa induces downy mildew disease resistance and growth promotion in pearl millet. Crop Prot 23:881–888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sharon M, Choudhary A, Kumar R (2010) Nanotechnology in agricultural diseases and food safety. J Phytol 2:83–92Google Scholar
  35. Shukla SK, Mishra AK, Arotiba OA, Mamba BB (2013) Chitosan-based nanomaterials: a state-of-the-art review. Int J Biol Macromol 59:46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Shi S, Wang W, Liu L, Wu S, Wei Y, Li W (2013) Effect of chitosan/nano-silica coating on the physicochemical characteristics of longan fruit under ambient temperature. J Food Eng 118:125–131Google Scholar
  37. Thuesombat P, Hannongbua S, Akasit S, Chadchawan S (2014) Effect of silver nanoparticles on rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. KDML 105) seed germination and seedling growth. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 104:302–309CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Van SN, Minh HD, Anh DN (2013) Study on chitosan nanoparticles on biophysical characteristics and growth of Robusta coffee in green house. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 2(4):289–294Google Scholar
  39. Wani IA, Ahmad T (2013) Size and shape dependant antifungal activity of gold nanoparticles: a case study of Candida. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 101:162–170CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Yin H, Zhao X, Du Y (2010) Oligochitosan: a plant diseases vaccine-a review. Carbohydr Polym 82:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zeng D, Luo X, Tu R (2012) Application of bioactive coatings based on chitosan for soybean seed protection. Int J Carbohydr Chem 1:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vinod Saharan
    • 1
  • Ajay Pal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyMaharana Pratap University of Agriculture and TechnologyUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry College of Basic Sciences and HumanitiesChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

Personalised recommendations