Recent advancements in the synthesis of various nanomaterials of different sizes, shapes and functions have established nanotechnology as an indispensable technology for agriculture (Khot etal. 2012; Saharan etal. 2014). Materials which show unique properties linked to their size (ranging from 1 to 1000 nm at least in one dimension) are considered nanoparticles and deemed under nanotechnology (Buzea and Robbie 2007). Nanomaterials have some high value properties like high surface-to-volume ratio, more molecules/reactive groups on surface; prefer nano-encapsulation and are independent of gravity. These unique properties of nano materials offer a vital role in agriculture, especially in plant growth and protection. It is predicted that in coming decades the progress in agriculture will be expedited by nanotechnology. Though nanotechnology is less explored in agriculture in general, but substantial research has been done in crop protection (Park etal. 2006; Jo etal. 2009; Nair etal. 2010; Sharon etal. 2010; Ghormade etal. 2010; He etal. 2011; Lamsal etal. 2011; Kim etal. 2012; Perez-de-Luque etal. 2012; Jayaseelan etal. 2013; Wani and Ahmad 2013; Saharan etal. 2013).
KeywordsCrop Protection Recent Advancement Substantial Research Chitosan Nanoparticles Biogenic Component
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